An important development in the Sahel region is that the Green Climate Fund (GCF) has provided a financial package to the African Development Bank (AfDB) to develop the solar potential of the Sahel. The 150 million dollars from GCF will go to the “Desert to Power G5 Sahel” facility, the facility aims to support the Sahel countries including Burkina Faso, Mali, Chad, Niger, and Mauritania. They are planning to support these countries by adopting low-emission power generation by utilizing the country’s solar potential. Desert to Power G5 is expecting to invest $966 million over the seven-year implementation process. Overall this initiative is supposed to limit emissions by 14.4 million tons of CO2 equivalent. This development is important specifically because of energy security since there is a constant terrorist threat in the Sahel region, however, this initiative is an important step for not only global energy but also for climate change. This initiative matters on a level of security because there is the constant idea that a terrorist group such as al-Qaeda or the Islamic State, who both have operations in the Sahel region, could steal the technology. Keeping it from combatting climate change, as well as taking resources away from the citizens of the Sahel. This issue is also important globally since climate change has become an important issue when talking about state security or international security since statistics and evidence have made policymakers change their view on what climate change is and what it means for future generations. This initiative is important to limit emissions which will help the planet. My assessment is that the United States should support this initiative as a success for environmental and energy security, as well as potentially give military support in the region in order for this goal to succeed.


In Textbook: “Energy Security” by Michael T. Klare