Historically, Pakistan has tried to maintain a neutral stance in their diplomacy with other Muslim states. However, recently their ties with Saudi Arabia have been strained. Pakistan is frustrated with Saudi Arabia’s lack of support of the Pakistani standing on the Kashmir region. Saudi Arabia has also increased its support for India, Pakistan’s long-standing rival. While Saudi Arabia pledged to give Pakistan $20 billion this year to support its economy, it also plans to give $100 billion to India in the next two years. Pakistan is greatly against the aid to India but given that Saudi Arabian trade with India brings in around $26 billion more a year than trade with Pakistan, it is unlikely that the kingdom will change their policies. In response to this, Pakistan has initiated talks with China about potential deals in the Belt and Road Initiative. There is also a possibility that Pakistan will try to create an organization to rival the Saudi led OIC, but it is not clear how likely this could occur.

Any move towards an alliance with China by Pakistan and any destabilization in the Middle East both pose as potential threats to the United States. The U.S. has good ties with Saudi Arabia, so I believe it would be in the best interest of the United States to discourage a split between Saudi Arabia and Pakistan to maintain its influence with both states and prevent any increased Chinese influence. I think this could be accomplished by organizing a meeting between officials from Pakistan and Saudi Arabia to thoroughly discuss their policies and prevent a fallout.